The Measure of Malice – Scientific Detection Stories from the British Library Crime Classics series

The Measure of Malice: Scientific Detection Stories - British ...

 

The solving of murder in fiction has always had its challenges, and this book demonstrates one way of meeting it, with scientific method. This book of fourteen short stories edited by Martin Edwards is from the wonderful British Library Crime Classics series, and is a representative sample of various authors writing during a “Golden Age” of detective writing. Featuring well known authors such as Arthur Conan Doyle and Dorothy L. Sayers as well as stories by Ernest Dudley and J.J. Connington, all the murders are worked out by scientific method. As may be expected, those writers who favour detectives with medical or other training bring in their expertise. Happily each expert who spots an obscure poison or unusual clue has time to explain why they are significant and how they managed to work out who was the guilty party. An interesting introduction by Edwards shows how the need for variation in murder method occupied the minds of various writers, as admitted by Sayers, and two writers co authored these stories while Sayers herself drew on the scientific knowledge of a doctor, Robert Eustace, for an entire novel. In addition to the informative introduction there is also a short biography of each author putting the story in the context of their career and its original publication. I was pleased to have the opportunity to read and review this book. 

 

Sherlock Holmes is the expert on methodical investigation, but in his story he has to call on various skills to find the truth. Lady Studley summons the assistance of an eminent doctor when her husband exhibits strange symptoms in a story which also contains elements of gothic horror.  The very existence of bodies exercise some detectives when only tiny hints of the truth remain. Bees terrify and confuse with some reason in another story.  Doctors and scientists are drawn into the search for the truth, even when they lack social skills. One extremely clever scientist seems to have an undue influence over his assistant, but she nevertheless manages to have some rather good ideas. There are elements of fluke as investigators spot a tiny detail of the murder scene and make discoveries on which to base their investigation. An ancient game proves significant, as specialist knowledge is not limited to chemicals.  A cake recipe provides a clue in one case. Some professionals are happier to throw themselves into an investigation than others, as a murdered body can throw those who usually work with the living. Chemicals and their lie at the heart of many stories, and sometimes an investigator has to move fast in order to save lives.

 

This is a book which maintains interest as each story has to introduce characters and context, show a crime or a potential problem, and resolve it all within a limited space. This is especially so in the case of Edmund Crispin’s “Blood Sport” which draws on a particular little known scientific observation and thus identifies the culprit inside four pages.  Some stories are more based on characters and the methodical examination of motive and then finding the means, however obscure, whereas others are based on the discovery of an anomaly. These short stories are all little gems, carefully chosen and happily made available once more, all based on the vital scientific detection of experts.

 

As I said before regarding a book of short stories, I find them ideal at the moment when I am, quite honestly, finding it difficult to hold on to all the facts of a murder mystery for the full length of a long book. As I suggested in my post about books of the Second World War, I do read several books at once, and this book allows me to be distracted from it at the end of each story. I think I will check back through for other such collections that I have not reviewed.!

Mortmain Hall by Martin Edwards – a expert writer constructs a Golden Age of Detection novel

 

A Golden Age mystery written in the twenty-first century sounds unlikely, but this book proves that it is gloriously possible. Of course the author, Martin Edwards, is not only a contemporary crime author, but the writer of many of the introductions to the British Library Classic Crimes and the editor of several collections of short stories in that highly successful series. He has also written extensively on the Golden Age detective novels, so if anyone knows about the hundreds of novels written at that time it is Edwards. I was really pleased to have the opportunity to read and review this well written book. 

 

 This is the second novel to feature the incredible character of Rachel Savernake, and it follows the successful “Gallows Court”. This novel works very well on its own, combining murder mystery, thriller and several views of different lifestyles in the London of 1930. Rachel is difficult to describe, being very rich, ruthless in her actions and totally dedicated to her work. Not that it is clear what that is – she is dangerously secretive and depends on a group of three people, the Trueman family, to provide her with support in many ways. Not that she needs as much physical protection as most young wealthy women would in similar situations; as she proves in this novel she can defend herself very adequately from the overly amorous men on her own. She is frequently ahead of others in the knowledge of what is truly going on, and in this novel she has a background knowledge of old murder cases which have puzzled many for years. She can predict with some certainty what people will do in many cases, and it is her understanding of people and their motives which can seem to provide her with uncanny foreknowledge. 

 

It is other people who occupy much of the first part of this novel which begins with the mysterious mourner travelling to a funeral in a special train out of central London. Rachel appears and confronts him with his true identity. She also warns him that he is in danger if he does not allow her to rescue him immediately. His choice at this point gives even more reason to investigate several cases of judicial mistakes, especially as Rachel’s late father was a notorious judge. She contacts her previous associate, an ambitious young journalist named Jacob who has already encountered the Mrs Leonora Dobell who will provide a lot of the mysterious element of this book. It does not take long for Jacob to find himself in deep trouble. Meanwhile, the strange Reggie Vickers is discovering that his life is far from easy, despite his steady job. As Rachel begins to investigate, it seems that the answer to murder and more lies in the mysterious Mortmain Hall. Exactly how dangerous this “Old mausoleum” will be is the threat which must be resolved by more than one person determined to solve more than one mystery.

 

This novel is a very clever treatment of many of the themes familiar to readers of Golden Age Detection. A determined investigator, an element of personal danger, some death defying situations all go together to create a convincing novel that builds up suspense and maintains it. Many of the recognised ingredients of a successful detective novel are here, mixed in with a memorable investigator, her supporters and associate. I really enjoyed this novel, finding a fascinating mystery in a setting which is a detailed appreciation of the era. The seedy parts of London, the clubs of the moderately wealthy, the personalities associated with the legal system, newspapers and far more all spring to life in Edwards’ excellent book. I thoroughly recommend this book as a marvellous tribute to the tradition of detective writing, and a fascinating read in its own right.   

 

This is a book which I had been looking forward to reading, and I am happy to say that it did not disappoint. I greatly enjoyed “Gallows Court”, and I have enjoyed many of Edwards other books. The Golden age of Detection has been the subject of a lot of interest in the recent past, largely fuelled by the extremely successful British Library Crime Classic series, of which at least eighty four have been published to date. 

Another publisher who has reprinted many classic mysteries, often in sets by various authors, Is Dean Street Press. Certainly any fan of crime mysteries written in Britain in the mid twentieth century has a lot to choose from at the moment.  

Deep Waters – Mysteries on the Waves Edited by Martin Edwards – a British Library crime classics collection

Deep Waters Paperback British Library Crime Classic

 

This collection of short stories represents a selection of mysteries, mainly involving murder, which were all written in the Golden Age of Detective fiction. They are brought together by the theme of water in many forms: pools, ponds and of course, the sea. They range through the complex and clever, featuring disguise and bluff, to the basic where a simple deceit leads to arrests. There are humourous elements, as when the reminiscence of past cases gives pleasure to the investigator, whereas others reveal criminal acts that are shocking. As with other books in the British Library Crime Classics series, this book benefits from an Introduction from Martin Edwards in which he examines the common theme of mysteries connected with water, including some well known novels. Each story is prefaced with a short biography of the author, which is useful, especially given that several of the writers adopted different names when publishing their work. Altogether this is an excellent collection of short stories which covers a wide range of stories and styles, and I was very glad to have the opportunity to read and review this book.

 

This book opens with a story from Arthur Conan Doyle about his earliest case, and the introduction to his story points out that the theme of water was common in his stories. Unsurprisingly sea travel forms quite an important theme, with the risk of drowning or least the possibility of disposing of the body, giving possible explanations of death. There are clever tales of deduction by professional detectives as well as gifted amateurs whose main job is not in the law, whose different perspective proves invaluable in the detection of the guilty party. Some murders take place on board a sea vessel, surely the perfect closed community where there is a limit to the number of potential suspects. Given those restrictions, there are some extremely clever twists which emerge in these stories. Some of the stories only have a brief connection with water or the sea as they happen on the edge of rivers and the sea. The string of coincidences which lead to the detection of crime is well described in one or two stories. There are tiny mistakes which lead to the guilty party when spotted by the investigator, needing a careful inclusion in the story.

 

It is not easy to write a satisfying murder mystery in a short story format, as so much has to be established in a minimum words. The setting must be evoked, conveying a place such as on a ship and giving enough information to the non specialist reader. Characters must be established, giving a few possibilities of murderer. The crime or crimes must be observed or reported, the detection and revelation must be revealed and as necessary explained. Thus the sidekick or associate can be invaluable to explain the story. The fact that all these stories succeed in covering all these points to a certain extent is part of their great achievement. This collection happens to have a common theme, and the quality is consistently high throughout. Read straight through or picked up frequently, these are the ideal short tastes of skilled writers at their best, and this selection will not disappoint.    

 

This is an ideal book for the moment, when concentration can be a bit of a struggle. The British Library Crime Classics can still be bought at the moment – there may even be a discount available. This is a very good value book in the series as there will definitely be a story which appeals for everyone.

So, another day, another book review. I appreciate that not all the reviews appeal to everyone, but I hope that most will find a recommendation to a book of interest. I certainly hope so!

Gallows Court by Martin Edwards – London in 1930 is not a safe place to be…

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London in 1930 is a strange place. Puzzles, death, suspicions, and one man is sure that he has the key. Rachel Savernake is always there – powerful, wealthy but at heart an enigma. Martin Edwards pulls out all the stops to create not only characters that fill the complex and many layered novel, but to create a world in which seemingly anything can happen, expectations can be overturned, and no one is safe. Edwards has used his unique knowledge of the period and the Golden Age Mystery novel to produce a powerful story which does not hinge on one murder, however complex. This novel describes a series of deaths which are perhaps suicide, perhaps extraordinary accidents, perhaps unconnected, but all seem to hang together, as the wisps of a story come together into a strong conclusion. I was delighted to receive a copy of this brilliant book to read and review.

Jacob Flint is a determined young man. He has moved from Yorkshire to make his name as a journalist in a London where self made men were common. For reasons that are perhaps unclear, he becomes convinced that a mysterious young woman, Rachel Savernake, knows something about not only the notorious crime that she has been rumoured to have solved, but also has special knowledge of various unexplained deaths among rich and powerful men. After all,  she is extraordinarily well informed about seemingly unconnected things, she is in the area when many of the deaths occur, she has few but absolutely devoted servants, and she has a great deal of money. Jacob begins to make links by determined efforts to be at the right place at the right, or wrong, time. He does begin to wonder, however, as he experiences first hand not only near misses, but the actual death of those around him. While he could walk away, be sensible, be safe, he becomes enthralled by the desperate hunt for the truth. Rachel meanwhile seems not only an observer of these desperate deaths, but also have some strange involvement. Also, throughout the novel there are inserts of a journal of a young woman, concerned with her life on an island where Rachel and her cruel father are frequently mentioned. Who is Rachel, and how does she feature in this account of collective destruction?

This is a colourful book, where no death, no murder, takes place in an isolated or colourless    manner. This is a London of seedy boarding houses, new art, gaudy theatre and new ways of death. Not that this is a gloomy novel; there is great strength of purpose and some flashes of humour as Jacob, Rachel and others act, observe and discover various truths. This is a mature, effortlessly confident novel in which Edwards uses all his skills and experience of writing contemporary murder mysteries to create mysteries within a mystery which absorbs and compels the reader to become involved. I was really bewildered at times by this book at times, but in a really good way, as just as I thought that I could see what would happen, it would suddenly plunge off in another direction. This is far from the common woman detective solving murder mysteries in the 1930s novel which is surprisingly common at the moment; this is a novel of unexpected heroes and villains.  I can whole heartedly recommend this unusual and unique book to anyone with an interest in the Golden Age of detective writing, the social life of London in the 1930s, and how the motives of a few affect the lives of many in unique ways.

 

We have gone north over the last few days to view our son’s new house and to allow the Vicar to go on a five church crawl around York today. All has gone well, as much effort has gone into the new (actually quite old) house and its period features. http://www.northernvicar.co.uk has got much material for blog posts in the near future, and daughter and I found many wonderful books in Waterstones and the Oxfam bookshop in York. I even found a folio set of Jane Austen in the latter, which is very beautiful…..

The Christmas Card Crime – A list of the Stories and Authors from the Editor

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One of the comments on my previous post about this book asked for a list of Stories and Authors contained in the anthology. Well, I asked the Editor, Martin Edwards, and he has provided me with the list. So, here it is:

  • Baroness Orczy – A Christmas Tragedy

    Selwyn Jepson – By the Sword

    Donald Stuart (Gerald Verner) – The Christmas Card Crime

    Ronald Knox – The Motive

    Carter Dickson – Blind Man’s Hood

    Francis Durbridge – Paul Temple’s White Christmas

    Cyril Hare – Sister Bessie

    E C R Lorac – A Bit of Wire-Pulling

    John Bude – Pattern of Revenge

    John Bingham – Crime at Lark Cottage

    Julian Symons – Twixt the Cup and the Lip

    As I said in the review, quite a range of authors represented. Keen followers of the British Library Crime Classics series will recognise some names here, and some that I have reviewed on this blog. Why not look at a few on my list of authors in the right hand panel? Thank you so much, Martin, not only for providing this list but also discovering and editing so many really great books.  If you are a fan of Classic Crime, or in need of a present for one, why not  get your hands on a copy of Martin’s book of Classic Crime novels? Here is my review https://northernreader.wordpress.com/2017/07/28/the-story-of-classic-crime-in-100-books-by-martin-edwards-the-review/

    It is a lovely read, packed with information in a very readable style. A great present for yourself or someone else!

The Christmas Card Crime and other Stories Edited by Martin Edwards – A British Library collection

Image result for Christmascard crime and other stories Edwards

Eleven stories, eleven classics, and surely something for everyone in this book of crime classics brought out in time for Christmas by the British Library. As Martin Edwards points out in his excellent introduction to this volume in the Crime Classics series, the short story is a format well suited to crime tales. There is certainly no room for lengthy descriptions, character examinations and guessing at motive when the story is only a few pages long; as Edwards points out, every word must count. In these stories every crime is set up, executed and solved (or the solution is presented) brilliantly. There are no loose ends, empty speculation or confusion, but that is not to say that there is any lack of impetus in these tales of death and double dealing.  They are all seriously enjoyable tales, often more thematically winter than actual Christmas events, and I was glad to receive a copy of this, the twelfth collection of short stories in this series.

Another fascinating element of this book is the brief introduction to each author written by Edwards, giving biographical details and the place of the story in the entire canon of writer’s work. It also points out where the story originally appeared, and how difficult it may have been to read it without this book. The author’s range from Baroness Orczy, of Scarlet Pimpernel fame, with one of her “Lady Molly” stories, a woman apparently gifted with all sorts of intuitive skills appreciated by Scotland Yard in solving murder. While Jepson’s story “By the Sword” sounds grand, it actually concerns a country house mystery of multiple motives. The eponymous story concerning a Christmas card has a large cast, an effective detective, and a railway journey affected by the wintery weather. The other stories cover a large range of situations; distantly described crimes from the oddest of motives, observations on families and relationships, and a complex tale of jewel robbery. Murder is rarely a straightforward issue in these tales, elegant schemes replace brutality, natural justice often wins out.

This book has some very welcome short stories by authors that have been largely ignored since the time of their greatest popularity; it is only with the start of this series that writers such as John Bude and E.C.R. Lorac have been rediscovered and enjoyed in the novels reprinted by the British Library. As with any collection of this nature from different authors written at different times, some novels work better than others and will appeal more to a particular reader differently at different times. However, the stories are all of a high quality and will appeal to anyone who is a fan of the Golden Age of Detection writings. Despite the festive title, these stories are not so Christmas based that they can only be read at that time of year; this book would make an excellent gift as every recipient would find stories that would appeal in this collection. While some crime novels are more suited to one reader or another, this collection has a broader range. I would recommend it has a gift or as a treat for anyone interested in mysteries written in a different age but with themes familiar even today.

Life in the Vicarage at this time is busy. The weekend was dominated by a display of nativity/ crib scenes in one of the churches. Happily we actually had more than fifty sets in the end, ranging from the tiny in a jewelry case to a large set of antique figures. Over a hundred and seventy people came to see them, including lots of small people who enjoyed spotting the main characters and various animals. It was a good day but a bit tiring. Thankfully virtually all of them have been collected intact; none of them had a huge monetary value but many had been in families for years, with children, grandchildren and even great  grandchildren expecting to see them at home. No two were the same, but I am still looking for one we bought in September and put away safely…

Blood on the Tracks – Railway Mysteries edited by Martin Edwards. An excellent British Library Crime Classic

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Ranging from Arthur Conan Doyle to Michael Gilbert, this collection of stories edited by Martin Edwards represents a Golden Age of murder mysteries encapsulated in short stories. The common theme is railways; travel on them, as settings for untimely death, and even the use of trains as weapons. As pointed out by Edwards, they are enclosed spaces in which ‘locked room’ mysteries are contrived, as only a limited number of people are travelling in the carriages and coaches, thus providing a certain number of suspects. This collection of stories, all chosen as representative of the authors’ output, are strong tales creating a world of steam trains, timetables and solutions. I was grateful to receive a copy of this book.

From the beginning the stories in this volume include mysteries of bodies found with interesting clues. Not all the bodies are found on a train; in some the bodies are found in or near the lines. Weapons must be found, means of killing established, bodies horribly mangled to conceal other wounds. Rarely are these gentle deaths by poison or other sophisticated means, but often well thought out and dependent on the accuracy of time tables. Other crimes such as theft are facilitated by the use of trains; depending on frequency and predictability, opportunity for deceit. There are also inverted tales to be found, as the murderer is described from the start and the suspense is to be found in the possibility of detection. Sophisticated stories prevail here, as men and women plot and plan but circumstances intervene. Not all the mysteries here are sorted out by detectives; the truth emerges in various ways and there is always a satisfactory ending. I particularly enjoyed the story by Dorothy L. Sayers, as the detection and resolution is not the obvious eventual solution. At least one of these stories reveal accurate knowledge of incidents on railways which ended in death; all depend on understanding of trains, signals and the way they were run.  A few of the stories relate to the supernatural or non human agencies, they are literally haunting in their use of the supernatural and atmospheric reality of trains cloaked in steam. The power and predictability of trains is well examined here, not as dreary modes of commuter transport but scenes of struggle and emotion in so many ways.

Given the range and variety of these stories and the fifteen different authors who wrote them, it would be reasonable to expect one or two weak efforts, but actually they are all strong in their way. None have the depth and subtlety of the novels set on trains as they are all brief works, but all are clever working out of mysteries set either on trains or the lines on which they run to time and significantly, signals. This book would appeal to fans of mysteries in the grand traditions of the Golden Age, even if some are earlier and later than the inter war period. It would also be of great interest to the many who appreciate the preserved trains and lines throughout Britain, and are fascinated by the railways of previous times.

Of course , Northernvicar has shown great interest in this particular volume in the British Library Crime Classics series! I imagine he will find time to polish off a few of these stories; he has already checked some of the accuracy of the circumstances. A great value for money book….

The Story of Classic Crime in 100 Books by Martin Edwards – the Review

This is a very, very good book. It works on so many levels; as a readable text, a history of Crime writing, and a reference book for anyone who collects and reads British Library Crime and Dean Street Press classic crime books. I was thrilled to receive a review copy of this book for the reasons above, and it proved an enjoyable and in depth read.

Basically this book is a run through the major fictional crime books of the twentieth century. Although there a hundred books mentioned in the title, there are dozens, probably hundreds mentioned in the text to explain and reinforce the headings. The chapter headings, which include such phrases as “Making fun of murder” and “Playing politics” demonstrate a lively style which carries on through a detailed examination of such sub-genres as ‘inverted’, ‘impossible’ and ‘locked – door’ crime stories, as well as the popularity of using real life crimes as the basis for fictional treatment. These headings are also familiar to anyone who has read such collections of stories from the British Library series as “Murder at the Manor”.

I am happy to report that the book is full of information/commentary/references to women authors, which is not always the case with ‘books about books’. I have not counted yet, but the stars such as Christie, Allingham, Simpson and others are well represented, with many reviews of Christie’s books in particular. Dorothy L Sayers not only gets credited for her books, but also her role in founding the Detection Club and her influential reviews collected by Edwards in “Taking Detective Stories Seriously”. Edwards also makes clear where women have adopted a male non de plume, or have written books jointly. I have not done the maths but I am fairly confident that all the brilliant women writers are fully recognised!

Edwards has obviously a great breath of knowledge of his subject and the confidence to write critically and persuasively about the history of these books. Such diverse groups as clergy get honourable mentions, as they spend hours puzzling over “a variety of matters which would puzzle many a businessman”. Books such as “Gaudy Night” are not in the hundred, but get mentioned as “a love letter to Oxford”, which really sums up the book.

Edwards is trying to flesh out and produce evidence to back up his argument for the nature, importance and popularity of classic crime that he set out in “The Golden Age of Murder”. The hundred titles effectively receive mini reviews, with references to other relevant books, and authors are mentioned in terms of sadness on occasion that they did not produce more stories, and comments which show their development of themes. I think that one of the achievements is to write about all these books without revealing the end, which is a huge success as he provides enticements to read the stories without spoiling them. This is a useful book for anyone interested in fictional crime as a reference book, and an excellent read for those who just want to expand their enjoyment of this popular genre.

So, do get hold of a copy of this book if you possibly can. It is great to recognise so many books from the British Library series, as well as look forward to many to come. Thank you, Martin, for letting me see a copy of this book,  for being such a major part of this fantastic series, and providing a great guest post!

The Story of Classic Crime in 100 Books by Martin Edwards – A Guest Post

Detective stories from the “Golden Age of murder” between the world wars are being discovered all over again. Thanks to enterprising publishers, and the advent of digital publishing, readers around the world now have the chance to enjoy many long-forgotten mysteries of the past. They are also finding that the critics who for decades tended to write off these books as dated and facile were way off the mark. Novels by writers such as John Bude and Christopher St John Sprigg, who were far from household names even in their hey-day are now enjoying a wholly unexpected renaissance.

 

The British Library’s highly popular Crime Classics series has led the way. The series features authors who were once very highly regarded and successful – like Anthony Berkeley and Freeman Wills Crofts – and also the likes of John Rowland and Charles Kingston, who never hit the heights but were capable of telling a good story. Bude in particular has become a real readers’ favourite – five of his books have now reappeared as Crime Classics, with two more in the pipeline. And now plenty of other publishers – including Harper Collins with their revived “Detective Story Club” series, and Dean  Street Press, who have revived authors as diverse as Sir Basil Thomson, once a kingpin of Scotland Yard, and former naval commander Peter Drax – are following suit.

 

Of course, nostalgia plays a part in this revival. And the gorgeous period artwork of the British Library paperback covers has led many people to collect the whole set. But there’s much more to it than fascination with the past and high production values. The fundamental appeal of Golden Age detective fiction is that the leading authors knew how to entertain their readers.

 

Yet if entertainment was their priority, their books still tell us a great deal about life during the Twenties and Thirties. Read Antidote to Venom by Crofts, for instance, and you’ll be presented with an interesting picture of life in a provincial zoo, as well as a tricky murder method, and an interesting moral at the heart of the story. Sprigg was a poet and a Marxist, but his playful Death of an Airman offers a glimpse of the workings of a small Thirties airfield that is not only authentic (Sprigg was an expert on aeronautics) but also highly engaging. A visiting bishop from Australia does the detective work – you don’t find sleuthing bishops nowadays!

 

Crofts and Sprigg are two of the writers whose work is discussed in my new book for the British Library, The Story of Classic Crime in 100 Books. It’s a companion to the Crime Classics series, but it’s not meant merely to be a reference book – though you can dip into it if you don’t immediately have time to read it from cover to cover, and sample some of the themes I discuss, such as country house mysteries and police stories.

 

The book follows my The Golden Age of Murder, which gave me a pleasant surprise by winning awards here and in the US, and earning gratifying reviews worldwide (it’s currently being translated into both Japanese and Chinese). Here my approach has been different, because the canvas – the first half of the last century – is much broader. I’ve chosen to discuss in depth books which seem to me to illustrate the evolution of the genre in an interesting way. But as with The Golden Age of Murder, I’ve endeavoured to use techniques I’ve honed as a novelist to tell a story that is much more – I hope! – than a recitation of endless facts.

 

What both books particularly have in common is that writing them has been a labour of love. I’ve been thrilled by the number of readers who have contacted me to express thanks for having their attention drawn to new titles. And if by any chance, you’re casting round for fresh reading, have no fear. The Story of Classic Crime in 100 Books can help – never mind the title. In all about seven hundred books feature!

Thank you so much, Martin! I’m not sure I’ve ever had an author guest post on Northernreader before; I would love some more.

My copy of “The Story” has travelled with me to Orkney and back, and tomorrow I hope to post my review. Needless to say it was a brilliant read, and yes, I am compiling a list of books I must read as a result…

 

 

 

 

The Golden Age of Murder by Martin Edwards

More fictional Murder! The title “Golden Age of Murder” sounds dated, but I think we still enjoy the Agatha Christies and so many other murder mysteries presented in books, television and film that this book is a fascinating insight into how it all began or at least how it got to be so popular.

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This is the ultimate source book for anyone interested in the crime writers of the interwar period in Britain. It has depth; I used some of the information for a talk on one of the writers it has large sections on, Dorothy L Sayers. It has breadth; many of the authors currently being reprinted by the British Library Crime Classics and the excellent Dean Street Press are mentioned in detail here. It is, perhaps most importantly, a very readable book about the writers of novels and stories with very few spoilers for the actual books. Edwards has published a very clearly written, detailed guide to an entire era in publishing of books that most of us have encountered at some point, and for real fans of the genre it gives so many starting points for further reading it provides a reason why it has taken me a while to read.

The subtitle of this book is “The Mystery of the Writers who Invented the Modern Detective Story”. This book features the writers, such as Sayers and Agatha Christie, who were the mainstay of The Detection Club formed by those British writers who wanted to meet to provide mutual support in the financially unpredictable pursuit of writing novel which featured mysteries, usually murder. Ritual and rules assumed different levels of support in a Society which invited members on the basis of their achievements in a genre which was emerging with the twentieth century, and gained its greatest popularity in the interwar years and in the beginnings of the Second World War. There are so many writers mentioned in this book I would suggest that most could find their own favourites among the ranks of Allingham, Berkeley, Doyle, Punshon, Jerrold and dozens more. Their interrelationships, personal issues and so forth are discussed here, as well as their relationships with other writers and publishers. The human stories behind the creation of the classics of criminal endeavour in terms of what the stories were based on, as well as highlighting why and how the stories were constructed provides some fascinating reading.

True life crime and moral questions as well as the detailed working out of seemingly impossible crimes are detailed here, especially in brief notes at the end of each chapter which can trigger many ideas for further reading. It is possible to read this book straight through as a study of people who wrote books, why and how, but it is also an extensive resource for more detailed study of an entire genre. Sometimes dismissed as cosy, dated storiess, this book covers an enormous range of writing which provides an invaluable social history and mysteries which still confuse and are popular today in their many tv and film outings.

My particular reason for enjoying this book, aside from the detailed notes and indexes, is the fascinatingly human stories of writers such as Sayers and Christie in their context. Women writers and indeed readers have been the mainstay of murder mysteries for decades. Edwards, together with the British Library and Dean Street Press, together with so many other publishers and groups, are keeping fictional murder alive (!) in all its complex and entertaining “Golden Age”.